User Switching

Beskrivelse

This plugin allows you to quickly swap between user accounts in WordPress at the click of a button. You’ll be instantly logged out and logged in as your desired user. This is handy for testing environments, for helping customers on WooCommerce sites, or for any site where administrators need to switch between multiple accounts.

Features

  • Skift bruger: Skift straks til en hvilken som helst brugerkonto fra Brugere .
  • Skift tilbage: Skift straks tilbage til din oprindelige konto.
  • Sluk: Log af din konto, men bevar muligheden for øjeblikkeligt at skifte tilbage igen.
  • Compatible with Multisite, WooCommerce, BuddyPress, bbPress, and most two-factor authentication plugins.

Sikkerhed

  • Kun brugere med mulighed for at redigere andre brugere kan skifte brugerkonti. Dette er som standard kun administratorer på installationer med et enkelt websted og super administratorer på Multisite installationer.
  • Passwords er ikke (og kan ikke blive) vist.
  • Bruger cookie-autentificerings systemet i WordPress, når den husker den eller de konti, du har skiftet fra, og når du skifter tilbage.
  • Implementerer nonce sikkerhedssystem i WordPress, hvilket betyder, at kun dem, der har til hensigt at skifte brugere kan skifte.
  • Fuld understøttelse af validering af brugersessioner, hvor det er relevant.
  • Fuld understøttelse af administration via SSL (hvis relevant).

Brug

  1. Besøg menuen Brugere i WordPress, og du vil se et Skift til link på listen over handlingslinks for hver bruger.
  2. Klik på dette, og du vil straks skifte til denne brugerkonto.
  3. Du kan skifte tilbage til din oprindelige konto via Skift tilbage link på hver administrationsvisning eller i din Profilmenu i WordPress værktøjslinje.

Se FAQ for at få oplysninger om funktionen Sluk.

Other Plugins

I maintain several other plugins for developers. Check them out:

  • Query Monitor is the developer tools panel for WordPress
  • WP Crontrol lets you view and control what’s happening in the WP-Cron system

Erklæring om beskyttelse af personlige oplysninger

User Switching makes use of browser cookies in order to allow users to switch to another account. Its cookies operate using the same mechanism as the authentication cookies in WordPress core, which means their values contain the user’s user_login field in plain text which should be treated as potentially personally identifiable information (PII) for privacy and regulatory reasons (GDPR, CCPA, etc). The names of the cookies are:

  • wordpress_user_sw_{COOKIEHASH}
  • wordpress_user_sw_secure_{COOKIEHASH}
  • wordpress_user_sw_olduser_{COOKIEHASH}

Brugerskift sender ikke data til nogen tredjepart, og det omfatter heller ikke tredjepartsressourcer, og det vil det aldrig komme til at gøre.

See also the FAQ for some questions relating to privacy and safety when switching between users.

Skærmbilleder

  • The Switch To link on the Users screen
  • The Switch To link on a user's profile

FAQ

Does this plugin work with PHP 8?

Yes, it’s actively tested and working up to PHP 8.1.

Hvad betyder “Sluk”?

Hvis du skifter tilbage logger du ud af din konto, men bevarer dit bruger-id i en godkendelses cookie, så du kan skifte direkte tilbage uden at skulle logge ind igen manuelt. Det er beslægtet med at skifte til ingen bruger, og være i stand til at skifte tilbage.

The Switch Off link can be found in your profile menu in the WordPress toolbar. Once you’ve switched off you’ll see a Switch back link on the Log In screen and in the footer of your site.

Virker dette plugin med WordPress Multisite?

Ja, og du vil også kunne skifte brugere fra Brugerlisten i netværksadministrator.

Virker dette plugin med WooCommerce?

Yes, and you’ll also be able to switch users from various WooCommerce administration screens.

Virker dette plugin med BuddyPress?

Ja, og du vil også kunne skifte brugere fra medlemsprofiler og medlemslister.

Virker dette plugin med bbPress?

Ja, og du vil også kunne skifte brugere fra medlemsprofiler.

Virker dette plugin, selvom mit websted benytter en to-faktor godkendelse?

Ja, for det meste.

En undtagelse jeg er kender til, er Duo Security. Hvis du bruger dette plugin, skal du installere User Switching for Duo Security add-on plugin, som vil forhindre, at to-faktor godkendelsesprompt vises, når du skifter mellem brugere.

Hvilken egenskab har en bruger brug for at kunne skifte konto?

En bruger skal have edit_users egenskab for at skifte brugerkonto. Som standard har kun administratorer denne mulighed, og med Multisite aktiveret har kun super admins denne mulighed.

Kan muligheden for at skifte konto gives til andre brugere eller roller?

Ja. switch_usersmeta-funktionen kan gives eksplicit til en bruger eller en rolle for at give dem mulighed for at skifte brugere, uanset om de har edit_users egenskaben eller ej. Af praktiske årsager, vil brugeren eller rolle vil også have brug for list_users kapacitet, så de kan få adgang til brugere menuen i WordPress admin område.

add_filter( 'user_has_cap', function( $allcaps, $caps, $args, $user ) {
    if ( 'switch_to_user' === $args[0] ) {
        if ( my_condition( $user ) ) {
            $allcaps['switch_users'] = true;
        }
    }
    return $allcaps;
}, 9, 4 );

Note that this needs to happen before User Switching’s own capability filtering, hence the priority of 9.

Can the ability to switch accounts be denied from users?

Yes. User capabilities in WordPress can be set to false to deny them from a user. Denying the switch_users capability prevents the user from switching users, even if they have the edit_users capability.

add_filter( 'user_has_cap', function( $allcaps, $caps, $args, $user ) {
    if ( 'switch_to_user' === $args[0] ) {
        if ( my_condition( $user ) ) {
            $allcaps['switch_users'] = false;
        }
    }
    return $allcaps;
}, 9, 4 );

Note that this needs to happen before User Switching’s own capability filtering, hence the priority of 9.

Can I add a custom “Switch To” link to my own plugin or theme?

Yes. Use the user_switching::maybe_switch_url() method for this. It takes care of authentication and returns a nonce-protected URL for the current user to switch into the provided user account.

if ( method_exists( 'user_switching', 'maybe_switch_url' ) ) {
    $url = user_switching::maybe_switch_url( $target_user );
    if ( $url ) {
        printf(
            '<a href="%1$s">Switch to %2$s</a>',
            esc_url( $url ),
            esc_html( $target_user->display_name )
        );
    }
}

This link also works for switching back to the original user, but if you want an explicit link for this you can use the following code:

if ( method_exists( 'user_switching', 'get_old_user' ) ) {
    $old_user = user_switching::get_old_user();
    if ( $old_user ) {
        printf(
            '<a href="%1$s">Switch back to %2$s</a>',
            esc_url( user_switching::switch_back_url( $old_user ) ),
            esc_html( $old_user->display_name )
        );
    }
}

Can I determine whether the current user switched into their account?

Yes. Use the current_user_switched() function for this.

if ( function_exists( 'current_user_switched' ) ) {
    $switched_user = current_user_switched();
    if ( $switched_user ) {
        // User is logged in and has switched into their account.
        // $switched_user is the WP_User object for their originating user.
    }
}

Does this plugin allow a user to frame another user for an action?

Potentially yes, but User Switching includes some safety protections for this and there are further precautions you can take as a site administrator:

  • User Switching stores the ID of the originating user in the new session for the user they switch to. Although this session does not persist by default when they subsequently switch back, there will be a record of this ID if your MySQL server has query logging enabled.
  • User Switching stores the login name of the originating user in an authentication cookie (see the Privacy Statement for more information). If your server access logs store cookie data, there will be a record of this login name (along with the IP address) for each access request.
  • You can install an audit trail plugin such as Simple History, WP Activity Log, or Stream, all of which have built-in support for User Switching and all of which log an entry when a user switches into another account.
  • User Switching triggers an action when a user switches account, switches off, or switches back (see below). You can use these actions to perform additional logging for safety purposes depending on your requirements.

One or more of the above should allow you to correlate an action with the originating user when a user switches account, should you need to.

Bear in mind that even without the User Switching plugin in use, any user who has the ability to edit another user can still frame another user for an action by, for example, changing their password and manually logging into that account. If you are concerned about users abusing others, you should take great care when granting users administrative rights.

Kan almindelige administratorer på installationer med flere lokationer skifte konto?

Nej. Dette kan dog aktiveres ved at installere User Switching for Regular Admins plugin.

Kan jeg skifte brugere direkte fra admin-værktøjslinjen?

Ja, der er en tredjepart add-on plugin til dette: Admin Bar User Switching.

Kaldes nogen plugin actions, når en bruger skifter konto?

Ja. Når en bruger skifter til en anden konto, kaldes webhooken switch_to_user:

/**
 * Fires when a user switches to another user account.
 *
 * @since 0.6.0
 * @since 1.4.0 The `$new_token` and `$old_token` parameters were added.
 *
 * @param int    $user_id     The ID of the user being switched to.
 * @param int    $old_user_id The ID of the user being switched from.
 * @param string $new_token   The token of the session of the user being switched to. Can be an empty string
 *                            or a token for a session that may or may not still be valid.
 * @param string $old_token   The token of the session of the user being switched from.
 */
do_action( 'switch_to_user', $user_id, $old_user_id, $new_token, $old_token );

Når en bruger skifter tilbage til deres oprindelige konto, kaldes webhooken switch_back_user:

/**
 * Fires when a user switches back to their originating account.
 *
 * @since 0.6.0
 * @since 1.4.0 The `$new_token` and `$old_token` parameters were added.
 *
 * @param int       $user_id     The ID of the user being switched back to.
 * @param int|false $old_user_id The ID of the user being switched from, or false if the user is switching back
 *                               after having been switched off.
 * @param string    $new_token   The token of the session of the user being switched to. Can be an empty string
 *                               or a token for a session that may or may not still be valid.
 * @param string    $old_token   The token of the session of the user being switched from.
 */
do_action( 'switch_back_user', $user_id, $old_user_id, $new_token, $old_token );

Når en bruger slukker, kaldes webhooken switch_off_user:

/**
 * Fires when a user switches off.
 *
 * @since 0.6.0
 * @since 1.4.0 The `$old_token` parameter was added.
 *
 * @param int    $old_user_id The ID of the user switching off.
 * @param string $old_token   The token of the session of the user switching off.
 */
do_action( 'switch_off_user', $old_user_id, $old_token );

Desuden respekterer brugerskift følgende filtre fra WordPress kerne, når det er relevant:

  • login_redirect når der skiftes til en anden bruger.
  • logout_redirect når du skifter tilbage.

Do you accept donations?

I am accepting sponsorships via the GitHub Sponsors program and any support you can give will help me maintain this plugin and keep it free for everyone.

Anmeldelser

1. august, 2022
This plugin is so handy if you have a membership or other multi-user site. Works great, very stable and easy to use. We've had it installed and updated it for nearly 2 years without a hitch. Definite 2 thumbs up 🙂
22. juli, 2022
Extension installée sur tous les sites que j'utilise pour tester la page du mode maintenance par exemple
7. juli, 2022
This plugin is very useful for shopping cart and membership sites. It is invaluable for troubleshooting user issues. You can switch to another user so you can see what is going on. It integrates seemlessly with WooCommerce. You can switch to a customer right from the Order on the backend.
Read all 208 reviews

Bidragsydere & udviklere

“User Switching” is open source software. The following people have contributed to this plugin.

Bidragsydere

“User Switching” er blevet oversat til 46 sprog. Tak til oversætterne for deres bidrag.

Translate “User Switching” into your language.

Interesseret i udvikling?

Gennemse koden, tjek SVN repository, eller abonner på udviklerloggen via RSS.

Ændringslog

1.7.0

  • Redirect to the current post, term, user, or comment being edited when switching off
  • Clean up some user-facing messages
  • Apply basic styling to the Switch Back link that appears in the footer
  • Use a better placement for the Switch To menu on bbPress profiles
  • Use a more appropriate HTTP response code if switching off fails
  • Exclude .editorconfig from dist ZIP

1.6.0

  • Add a ‘Switch To’ link to the order screen in WooCommerce
  • Add a ‘Switch back’ link to the My Account screen and the login screen in WooCommerce

1.5.8

  • Avoid a fatal if the interim-login query parameter is present on a page other than wp-login.php.

1.5.7

  • Fix some issues that could lead to PHP errors given a malformed cookie.
  • Fix documentation.

1.5.6

  • Add a class to the table row on the user edit screen.
  • Updated docs.

1.5.5

  • Added the user_switching_in_footer filter to disable output in footer on front end.
  • Documentation additions and improvements.

1.5.4

  • Fix a cookie issue caused by Jetpack 8.1.1 which prevented switching back to the original user.

1.5.3

  • Remove usage of a method that’s been deprecated in WordPress 5.3

1.5.2

  • Set the correct lang attribute on User Switching’s admin notice.
  • Move the WooCommerce session forgetting to an action callback so it can be unhooked if necessary.

1.5.1

  • Add appropriate HTTP response codes to the error states.
  • Display User Switching’s messages in the original user’s locale.
  • Increase the priority of the hook that sets up the cookie constants. See #40.
  • Don’t attempt to output the ‘Switch To’ link on author archives when the queried object isn’t a user. See #39.

1.5.0

  • Add support for forgetting WooCommerce sessions when switching between users. Requires WooCommerce 3.6+.

1.4.2

  • Don’t attempt to add the Switch To link to the admin toolbar when viewing an author archive in the admin area. This prevents a fatal error occurring when filtering custom post type listing screens by authors in the admin area.

1.4.1

  • Add a Switch To link to the Edit User admin toolbar menu when viewing an author archive.
  • Add a Switch back link to the Edit User admin toolbar menu when viewing an author archive and you’re already switched.

1.4.0

  • Add support for user session retention, reuse, and destruction when switching to and back from other user accounts.
  • Add support for the switch_users meta capability for fine grained control over the ability to switch user accounts.
  • More code and documentation quality improvements.

1.3.1

  • Add support for the X-Redirect-By header in WordPress 5.0.
  • Allow User Switching’s admin notices to be dismissed.
  • Introduce a privacy statement.

1.3.0

  • Update the BuddyPress compatibility.
  • Various code and inline docs improvements.

1.2.0

  • Improve the Switch Back functionality when the interim login window is shown.
  • Always show the Switch Back link in the Meta widget if it’s present.

1.1.0

  • Introduce a user_switching_switched_message filter to allow customisation of the message displayed to switched users in the admin area.
  • Switch to safe redirects for extra paranoid hardening.
  • Docblock improvements.
  • Coding standards improvements.

1.0.9

  • Remove the bundled languages in favour of language packs from translate.wordpress.org.

1.0.8

  • Chinese (Taiwan) and Czech translations.
  • Updated Dutch, Spanish, Hebrew, and German translations.
  • Add an ID attribute to the links that User Switching outputs on the WordPress login screen, BuddyPress screens, and bbPress screens.
  • Avoid a deprecated argument notice when the user-actions admin toolbar node has been removed.

1.0.7

  • Azerbaijani, Danish, and Bosnian translations.
  • Add back the ‘User Switching’ heading on the user profile screen.
  • Correct the value passed to the $old_user_id parameter of the switch_back_user hook when a user has been switched off. This should be boolean false rather than 0.
  • Docblocks for actions and filters.
  • More code standards tweaks.

1.0.6

  • Correct the values passed to the switch_back_user action when a user switches back.
  • More code standards tweaks.

1.0.5

  • Norwegian translation by Per Søderlind.
  • Code standards tweaks.

1.0.4

  • Support for the new logout_redirect and removable_query_args filters in WordPress 4.2.

1.0.3

  • Croation translation by Ante Sepic.
  • Avoid PHP notices caused by other plugins which erroneously use boolean true as a capability.

1.0.2

  • Turkish translation by Abdullah Pazarbasi.
  • Romanian translation by ArianServ.
  • Dutch translation by Thom.
  • Greek translation by evigiannakou.
  • Bulgarian translation by Petya Raykovska.
  • Finnish translation by Sami Keijonen.
  • Italian translation by Alessandro Curci and Alessandro Tesoro.
  • Updated Arabic, Spanish, German, and Polish translations.

1.0.1

  • Shorten the names of User Switching’s cookies to avoid problems with Suhosin’s over-zealous default rules.
  • Add backwards compatibility for the deprecated OLDUSER_COOKIE constant.

1.0

  • Security hardening for sites that use HTTPS in the admin area and HTTP on the front end.
  • Add an extra auth check before the nonce verification.
  • Pretty icon next to the switch back links.

0.9

  • Minor fixes for the login_redirect filter.
  • Increase the specificity of the switch_to_old_user and switch_off nonces.

0.8.9

  • French translation by Fx Bénard.
  • Hebrew translation by Rami Y.
  • Indonesian translation by Eko Ikhyar.
  • Portuguese translation by Raphael Mendonça.